# Negative Square Numbers

In traditional mathematics, the nature of square numbers can only produce a positive rersult. However in Geometric Maths we allow for negative squaring due to the construct of the rotation of the number line.

## Overview

In geometric maths we explore the concept of Zero² and rotational squaring. This produces the construct of a number cross, which divided a number plain into 4 distinct parts.

In order to qualify each of these number spaces, we use the notation of , ++, – -, + -, and – + for each quadrant. This allow for the number in each space to be multiplied by each other so that negative and positive values results are positioned within a particular quadrant on the 2D plain. This allows for negative square numbers to be calculated.

## KEy Points

• When we employ a 2D number space we can accommodate for both positive and negative square numbers.
• This allows us to perform simultaneous calculations in 4 distinct number spaces
• As traditional mathematics does not account for negative squaring, fractal object such as the mandelbrot set appear lopsided.

## Review these concepts

#### 4D Squaring

The rotational nature of mathematical powers demonstrates that the number i (√-1) collapses the number…

#### Zero²

ZERO² is a geometric function that rotates the entire number line at 90° to the…

#### 8 Infinities on the Number Line

There are 8 distinct infinite boundaries that appear on the number line. Two either side…

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# Concept

## Squaring the Number line

When zero is squared, it rotates a duplicate of the number line to rest at a 90° decree angle to the original. Each of these two number lines exhibits a negative a positive aspect the is equally divided by the zero at the centre of the cross. As there as two number lines, we can multiply any value in each quadrant and find a point located on the number plain. In this way a negative that is multiplied by another negative will be found in the negative space, unlike traditional mathematics that places the result in the positive.

NOTICE: The bottom left of the diagram contains a space where the multiplication of two negative number (negative squaring), are found. In traditional mathematics these values are translated into the positive, top right square (blue).

This means that there are an additional three number spaces that are only accounted for in geometric maths. The first arises from the multiplication of two negative numbers. however a further two more arise from a positive value multiplied by a negative. This can occur in two ‘orientations , negative first or positive first. In 4D and geometric maths the order of a calculation does effect the outcome of the result. 3×2 is not the same as 2×3, even the the result make look the same on a standard calculator.

## Key point

In 4D and geometric maths the order of a calculation matters.

This is an important deviation between the traditional mathematical view. It is important to note that the results derived on a standard calculator are programmed to produce a particular answer. If instead of using the power function on a standard calculator we enter the values directly we still find that the same result can not be achieved as the system of Geometric maths.

#### 4D Maths Squaring result

NOTICE:the results of 4D mathematics include a total of four number spaces, compared to traditional mathematical axioms that only allow for two. This is due to the nature of deriving both numbers of the equation from a single number line, instead of two different number lines as is the space on the 2D number cross.

## Simultaneous Calculations

One of the key differences in the system of Geometric maths is the capacity to produce simultaneous calculations for each quadrant of the number cross. The provides mathematical answers that can be expressed as a 2D geometric shape.

## Axiomatic Basis

Whilst researching the nature of negative squaring, we were able to find a similar concept in an advanced form of calculus.

Normally in mathematics, a surface is always considered positive. However, we see that in order to achieve this, the two values must be added together. This in turn produces different result to the concept of negative squaring.

#### So Why don’t negative squares exist?

The answer to this appear to be how traditional mathematics has been constructed, rather than an immutable principle of number theory.

Here is an example of one proposed reason from a fellow mathematician, however we can see that if a and b are constructed from the two different number lines of the number cross, then the ‘proof’ does not hold.

Feedback from other mathematician about our concept of negative squaring suggests that we are incorrectly assigning a polarity to length and width dimensions. Yet, geometric maths in not about assigning dimensional space. it is a numerical system, that exhibits a particular type of number plain, which can also extend into higher dimensional constructs.

###### feedback on our negative squaring concept from a friendly mathematician

Even more complicated ‘proofs’ such as the ‘ring of distributed numbers’, still rely on the notion that a and b, in an equation are derived from the same number line. Which is not the case in Geometric and 4D maths.

###### The concept of the ring of distribution of the real numbers presented from a friendly mathematician

In the above we can see that (-a)+a=0, however there is no polarity assign to zero. In Geometric maths, zero comes in both positive, negative, and neutral forms. The ‘Real’ numbers are all contained within reciprocal number space that is reflected into whole number space. Whereas the above proof makes no differentiation between numbers such as 0.99999… on into infinity, and the number 1. Just when dealing with the true nature of the infinite we examine utilise the nature of the boundary’s formed by the squaring and rooting of reciprocal values.

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# Conclusion

## So what does this tell us the concept of squaring?

There is no mathematical reason for the exclusion of negative squaring from occurring. Moreover it is a choice of perspective. The System of Geometric Maths explores the infinite nature of numbers that a formulated within the confines of reciprocal space first, and then subsequently reflected into whole number space.

## What are the consequences of negative squaring?

Traditional mathematics has expressed a belief that ‘no new numbers exist beyond the concept of the complex plain’. Yet in Geometric Maths we find that 3/4 of the number sets are missing from the linear interpretation of number space. Moreover, this leads to a different axiomatic belief that suggest two negative make a positive, which is not the case in 4D Mathematics. The shift in perspective formulated through a geometric appreciation of numerical space allows us to solve seemingly impossible paradoxes, such as those presented by the Continuum Hypothesis.

### The Zero Boundary

Zero Boundary divides the infinite sets of positive and negative numbers, and is defined by the process of division. Overview The number zero appears at the centre of the number line. Whenever a number is divided it will reduce in quantity, yet it will never cross the zero boundary. This is only true of the nature of division, and not the other mathematical operators, addition, subtraction and multiplication. This fact distinguished the process of division for all other mathematical operator. KEy Points Zero sits at the center of the number line, dividing positive and negative number space The division of

### The Infinity of ONE

The Infinity of ONE is revealed by the nature of reiterated root calculations. Overview The number ONE is has unique qualities whereby an infinite boundary is formed around it when root calculations are reiterated. This gives it qualities similar to the number zero that forms a boundary through division of a number. Together the numbers +ONE, -ONE, and ZERO divided the number line into four distinct sections. Positive and negative whole numbers, and there respective reciprocal values. This principle applies to all powers and roots beyond x2 and 2√x. When we examine the nature of powers and root equations, we

### Reciprocal number space

All numbers beyond ONE have a reciprocal representation between the numbers ZERO and ONE. It is this mirror-like nature of reciprocal space that allows us to conclude that the number ZERO terminates the series of infinite whole numbers. Overview Within the ‘Reciprocal Space’ between Zero and One, find all numbers above one can be created by dividing the space into a specified number of equal parts. As both the boundaries that define reciprocal space (zero and one), are also defined through a process of infinite division, we can begin to see that division is the prime mover for the creation

###### Question?

How can the multiplication of two negative numbers result in a positive?