Primarily spread in India, the roots of Hinduism are found in the oldest scriptures of the world, the Vedas. Core beliefs are the goals of life, which is morals, prosperity, passion and libration. Many Hindu symbols are imbued with spiritual meaning, which also overlap with Buddhism and Jainism.
Om Or AUM
Even though not a geometric symbol in itself, Om (Aum), displays within it the number code of zero (dot), one (vertical line), two (or reflected as five) and three. As Sacred Geometry is the expression of numbers in space, this has a relevance which can be linked to the trinity symbol. Om itself is sound and in that sense expresses the quality of numbers in time, which are intimately related to shape and form. Chanting Aum helps moving the energetics of the body as the vibration flows from the chest to the third eye. The meaning of Om, relates to the origin of creation being sound.
The Dharma Wheel
The Dharma wheel, Dharmachakra in Sanskrit, is predominantly known as a Buddhist symbol, but also links to Hinduism and Jainism. It is expressed as the 8-spokes wheel, which represents the 8-fold Path of how to overcome suffering. Sometimes, you also see it with 4 spokes, which symbolises the Four Noble Truths, the teachings of the Buddha. The Dharma Wheel symbolises the law of Karma, action and reaction with a wheel that turns time from one moment to the next around each observer. Through meditation, we turn our attention towards the still observer, sitting at the centre. Many meditative practices such as Vipassana are dedicated to the Dharma Wheel to calm the mind and gain control of the consciousness as a path to enlightenment.
The Swastika goes back thousands of years and means well-being in Sanskrit, a symbol found in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In the Western world the swastika has been associated with Nazi Germany, from which it gained a very negative annotation. However, its original meaning of prosperity and good fortune is still widely distributed throughout the ancient and modern world. In Sacred Geometry, it shows a cross at 90° with a direction of rotation and 4 dots at the centre of each smaller square. Being on the square plane, this symbol relates to the experience of the moment of time through the 4 elements. The 4 dots, show an interesting point of reflection, which links to the mathematical phenomenon of the Sierpinsky Square.
The Star of Laxmi
Two overlapping squares depicts a very famous symbol in Hinduism, called the Star of Laxmi or Laxmi’s Star. Laxmi or Lakshmi is a Hindu Goddess belonging to the Tridevi, the Holy Trinity of Goddesses. Many Hindu followers devote to her as she is the goddess of wealth and abundance, often depicted with a pot of gold. The two interlocking squares simultaneously create an Octagram, which stands for the 8 aspects of wealth according to the 8 forms of Laxmi. This geometry is interesting when it comes to the nature of light having 90° and 45° incorporated within it.
The Sri Yantra is one of the most complex Hindu Symbols. Made from layers of nine interlocking triangles that radiate out from a central point known as bindu, the Sri Yantra presents the multi-dimensional universe. The number nine itself has a certain importance in the Vedic scripture as it is considered a complete, perfected and divine. It represents the last number of the decimal system, which goes back to as early as 3000 BC.
In Hinduism and Buddhism, we find Chakras, which originates from Sanskrit and translates to wheel. This Vedic Chakra System consists out of seven sacred geometric symbols that present the energy wheels or vortexes in the body from the base of the spine to the crown of the head. This is based on the idea that the body consists not only of physical form but also of an energetic blueprint. In Yoga and other meditation practises it is all about increasing the energy flow between the chakras to activate the Kundalini Energy that looks like a snake symbol rise from the base chakra to the crown to reach enlightenment. In geometric terms, this relates to what is known as the 4D Torus that exists as an electromagnetic energy field around every thing in the universe. Each Chakra has different qualities attached to it, which are expressed in different geometric symbols.