The Trivium

The three components of the Trivium are, Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic. The Ancient Greeks recognised that these three aspects of language are essential for the enactment of ‘high society’. They believed that the rights any free person depends upon their ability to act and express themselves in political debate and in a court of law


Grammar is the reciprocal relationship of both Reading, and Writing. This is the step where the student comes to terms, defining the objects and information perceived by the five senses. A persons ability to utilise the word is a fundamental skill necessary for laws to be written and comprehended to create Justice and Order.


The art of rhetoric is the skill of expressing an argument to persuade or motivate others toward a proposition. In a culture where not everything was written down, the power of speech was considered to be of utmost importance. In ancient Greece, the ability of individuals to express themselves in a debate through the use of intellect, actions, and metaphor, would be essential for the activities of high society. From this, we find the expression of the theatrical performance. The famous masks of two faces, one with a smile and another with an grimace were worn to distinguish the different emotions of the characters. Their exaggerated look helped people see the character’s emotions even from a distance.


Our ability to reason has formed an intrinsic aspect of human consciousness since pre-historic times. However, logic studies the principles of valid reasoning, inference and demonstration. This methodology led to the nature of scientific thought as it appears today. The arrival of logical analysis is likely to have had its roots in Geometry. Fragments of early proofs are preserved in the works of Plato and Aristotle, Euclid of Alexandria and Pythagoras. The idea of a deductive system was probably known in the Pythagorean school and the Platonic Academy.