The smallest unit of matter, that generates the matrix of reality.
The primary documented idea of the atom dates again to India. Acharya Kanad was born in 600 BC in Prabhas Kshetra (close to Dwaraka) in Gujarat and referred to as his discovery the Anu. The phrase “Atom” is derived from the Greeks, (ἄτομος; atomos), that means “uncuttable”, and was described by philosophers Leucippus and his pupil Democritus (c. 460 – c. 370 BC).
The Atom was first found in 1800 when chemist John Dalton used the idea to elucidate why components at all times react in ratios of complete numbers (the legislation of a number of proportions). It wasn’t till the start of the 1900’s that the invention of the electron opened the door to the atom we all know immediately.
Atoms have a nucleus fashioned of Protons which might be at all times equal in quantity to the outer electrons. This offers every atom its atomic quantity and locations it on the periodic desk. The second sort of particle discovered within the nucleus is the neutron, that wasn’t till 1932 because it doesn’t emit any cost.
Every atomic neucleus incorporates the majorit of the atoms mass. Round this the electorn cloud is discovered. As this exstend far past the atomic nuclus, the general atom is taken into account to be manufactured from 99.99% empty house.